Monday, October 31, 2011
Museo de Oro - San Jose, Costa Rica.
Pre-Columbian face from Costa Rica.
Costa Rica - Turrialba - pre-Columbian toll-gate and walls for the road-way system - located just above the Narrow Neck of land. The Guayabo National Monument is Costa Rica's most important archaeological site. Costa Rica may not be famous for its archaeological history like Guatemala's Tikal or the Incan ruins of Peru, but veiled in the shadow of the Turrialba Volcano - like a mythical "lost city" from a storybook - lies a mysterious ancient city that was home to over 10,000 people who seemed to have mysteriously vanished just before the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century.
The excavations at Guayabo have revealed a network of cobblestone causeways and streets, open and closed aqueducts, cisterns, stairways, mounds, petroglyphs, monoliths, tombs, and sculptures that belong to a pre-Columbian city, which was inhabited between 1000 B.C. and 1400 A.D. For your tour a guide will walk you through the entire park while explaining the findings of the excavations and the history of the people that once lived there
There are pre-Columbian ruins in Costa Rica above the Narrow Neck of Land - Panama.
The stone spheres of Costa Rica.
"Archaeologists now know that civilization existed in Costa Rica for thousands of years before the arrival of Columbus, and evidence of human occupation in the region dates back 10,000 years. Among the cultural mysteries left behind by the area's pre-Columbian inhabitants are thousands of perfectly spherical granite bolas that have been found near the west coast. The sizes of these inimitable relics range from that of a baseball to that of a Volkswagen bus. Ruins of a large, ancient city complete with aqueducts were recently found east of San Jose, and some marvelously sophisticated gold and jade work was being wrought in the southwest as far back as 1,000 years ago. Some archeological sites in the central highlands and Nicoya peninsula have shown evidence of influence from the Mexican Olmec and Nahuatl civilizations."
The Narrow Neck of Land - Book of Mormon
The narrow neck of land in Mormon's detailed description of the Nephite and Lamanite lands, extends from the east to the west sea and is the ...
Was the Olmec land of La Venta the land of Jershon that was given to the converted Lamanites who were called the Anti-Nephi-Lehis?
As they are journeying, the sons of Mosiah meet Alma and are re-united. The Anti -Nephi-Lehies are received by the Nephites and given the land of Jershon. ...
According to the Book of Mormon, the land of Jershon was located on the east by the sea, south of the land Bountiful. We first hear of Jershon in the book when ...
The Andes mountains.
"To the northeast from the Sacred Valley the land becomes densely forested. Gradually the region recedes into the Amazonian lowlands, a region of exotic jungle and fierce tribes. This is the Incan province of Antisuyu: the jungle quarter.
While the inhabitants of the Antisuyu region were most likely to have been divided among any number of tribes, both the Inca and the Spanish generalized their consideration for the natives by referring to them as a sole nation: the "Antis". Incan interaction with these people began under the reign of Viracocha, the eighth Sapa Inca, who conquered an area east of Qosqo which would included Ollantaytambo, gateway to the jungle region.
The Antis were frequently thought of as violent, savage jungle dwellers. Whether for a particular attack by the Antis into the Sacred Valley or the possibility of such a pending attack, Viracocha's successor Pachacuti built fortresses at Ollantaytambo and at Saqsaywaman (Qosqo) to defend against eastern offenses."
It is said that the Andes Mountains were named after the tribe of the Antis - (ie. "Anti-Nephi-Lehis").
Tuesday, October 25, 2011
"The text opens with a group of monks who circumambulate the living Buddha three times and then sit down to listen to his teachings… He warns of a future period called the “Latter Days of the Law” when the oral transmission will have decayed. He prophesies that there will be at least some enlightened beings who will understand and teach his true doctrine. He then promises that the country that preserves and teaches this sutra will have to be honored and worshiped by the worlds of gods, men, and evil spirits. It will become like a chaitya, or temple. It is apparent that this promise was the motivation for Korean Buddhists to inscribe the sutra on gold plates and preserve it under a pagoda." 8th c.